Emerging biotechnological applications of anaerobic ammonium oxidation

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


Anaerobic ammonium oxidation (anammox) is an energy-efficient method for nitrogen removal that opens the possibility for energy-neutral wastewater treatment. Research on anammox over the past decade has primarily focused on its implementation in domestic wastewater treatment. However, emerging studies are now expanding its use to novel biotechnological applications and wastewater treatment processes. This review highlights recent advances in the anammox field that aim to overcome conventional bottlenecks, and explores novel and niche-specific applications of the anammox process. Despite the promising results and potential of these advances, challenges persist for their real-world implementation. This underscores the need for a transition from laboratory achievements to practical, scalable solutions for wastewater treatment which mark the next crucial phase in the evolution of anammox research.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalTrends in biotechnology
StateAccepted/In press - 2024

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2024 Elsevier Ltd


  • anammox
  • bioelectrochemical system (BES)
  • extracellular electron transfer (EET)
  • marine anammox bacteria
  • nitrogen removal
  • wastewater treatment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Bioengineering


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