Emergence of room temperature stable skyrmionic bubbles in the rare earth based REMn2Ge2 (RE = Ce, Pr, and Nd) magnets

Zhipeng Hou, Lingwei Li, Chen Liu, Xingsen Gao, Zhipan Ma, Guofu Zhou, Yong Peng, Mi Yan, Xixiang Zhang, Junming Liu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

54 Scopus citations


Skyrmionic spin configurations, including skyrmions and skyrmionic bubbles, have attracted much attention for their intriguing magneto-electrical properties. To date, most skyrmionic spin configurations are observed in transition metal based magnets, the correlations between topological structures and f orbital electrons are still unclear due to the lack of rare earth (RE) based magnets hosting skyrmionic spin configurations, especially at room temperature. Here, a family of RE-based intermetallics compounds, REMn2Ge2 (RE = Ce, Pr, and Nd) magnets, are demonstrated to be able to host skyrmionic bubbles in a wide temperature range of 220–320 K. By further applying a field-cooling procedure, high-density hexagonal lattices of skyrmionic bubbles are realized under zero magnetic field. By combing the micromagnetic simulations, the rotation of easy-magnetized axis plays a dominated role for present REMn2Ge2 magnets, plays a dominated role in the temperature and field induced magnetic domain evolutions. The skyrmionic spin configurations observed in the RE-based magnets can overcome the limiting factors in terms of material variations, operating temperature, and working magnetic field, which is of great significance to practical applications of the skyrmionic spin configurations.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)100341
JournalMaterials Today Physics
StatePublished - Jan 10 2021

Bibliographical note

KAUST Repository Item: Exported on 2021-02-02
Acknowledged KAUST grant number(s): CRF-2017-3427-CRG6, REP/1/2708-01
Acknowledgements: This work is supported by the National Key Research and Development Program of China (No. 2020YFA0309300), the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 51901081 and 91963123), the Science and Technology Program of Guangzhou (Nos. 2019050001, 202002030052), the Ten Thousand Talents Plan of Zhejiang Province (No. 2018R52003), and the Fundamental Research Funds for the Provincial University of Zhejiang (No. GK199900299012-022). X-.X. Zhang acknowledge the support from King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST), Office of Sponsored Research (OSR) under Award No. CRF-2017-3427-CRG6 and KAUST sensor project (REP/1/2708-01).


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