Electronic structure engineering for electrochemical water oxidation

Pravin Babar, Javeed Mahmood, Raghu V. Maligal-Ganesh, Seok Jin Kim, Zhonghua Xue, Cafer T. Yavuz*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

82 Scopus citations


The oxygen evolution reaction (OER) is the primary challenge in renewable energy storage technologies, specifically electrochemical water splitting for hydrogen generation. The development of affordable, robust, and efficient OER electrocatalysts plays a prominent role in water splitting by lowering the reaction kinetics barrier and boosting the performance of the process. This review discusses the recent progress in probing the electronic structure of catalytically active materials and its relevance to OER activity. We have aimed to emphasize state-of-the-art engineering strategies for modulating the electronic structure to exhibit ideal OER performance, including doping, alloying, generation of oxygen vacancies, heterostructure realization, and strain engineering. Finally, we summarize the existing challenges and opportunities in electronic structure modulation for future electrocatalyst development.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)20218-20241
Number of pages24
Issue number38
StatePublished - Sep 12 2022

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work is supported by the King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 The Royal Society of Chemistry.

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemistry
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • General Materials Science


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