Electronic Properties of a 1D Intrinsic/p-Doped Heterojunction in a 2D Transition Metal Dichalcogenide Semiconductor

Zhibo Song, Thorsten Schultz, Zijing Ding, Bo Lei, Cheng Han, Patrick Amsalem, Tingting Lin, Dongzhi Chi, Swee Liang Wong, Yu Jie Zheng, Ming-yang Li, Lain-Jong Li, Wei Chen, Norbert Koch, Yu Li Huang, Andrew Thye Shen Wee

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Two-dimensional (2D) semiconductors offer a convenient platform to study 2D physics, for example, to understand doping in an atomically thin semiconductor. Here, we demonstrate the fabrication and unravel the electronic properties of a lateral doped/intrinsic heterojunction in a single-layer (SL) tungsten diselenide (WSe2), a prototype semiconducting transition metal dichalcogenide (TMD), partially covered with a molecular acceptor layer, on a graphite substrate. With combined experiments and theoretical modeling, we reveal the fundamental acceptor-induced p-doping mechanism for SL-WSe2. At the 1D border between the doped and undoped SL-WSe2 regions, we observe band bending and explain it by Thomas-Fermi screening. Using atomically resolved scanning tunneling microscopy and spectroscopy, the screening length is determined to be in the few nanometer range, and we assess the carrier density of intrinsic SL-WSe2. These findings are of fundamental and technological importance for understanding and employing surface doping, for example, in designing lateral organic TMD heterostructures for future devices.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)9128-9135
Number of pages8
JournalACS Nano
Issue number9
StatePublished - Aug 3 2017

Bibliographical note

KAUST Repository Item: Exported on 2020-10-01
Acknowledgements: A.T.S.W. acknowledges financial support from MOE AcRF Tier 1 Grant Number R-144-000-321-112 and the Graphene Research Centre. Y.L.H. and D.C. acknowledge the A-STAR SERC grant support for the 2D growth project under the 2D pharos program (SERC 1527000012). Work in Berlin was supported by the DFG (SFB951 and AM419/1-1). Calculations were performed on the Graphene Research Centre cluster supported by Prof. Su Ying Quek.


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