The good performance of base metal phosphides as alternative catalysts for hydrogen evolution has attracted great attention. However, phosphorus-hydrogen bonds (P-Hads) are easily formed on the surface of metal phosphides, which will severely inhibit hydrogen evolution reaction (HER). Herein, we propose a universal strategy to improve the HER activity of metal phosphides by modulating the surface electron densities. The iron modulated Fe0.29Co0.71P nanosheet arrays exhibit an overpotential of 74 mV at 10 mA cm−2 and a Tafel slope of 53.56 mV dec−1, which are close to the performance of noble metal catalysts in alkaline condition. The electronic interactions between cobalt and phosphorus are modulated after iron doping, resulting in more positively charged Co, which can promote adsorption and activation of H2O molecules and will weaken P-Hads bonds formed on the catalyst surfaces. Therefore, Fe0.29Co0.71P can optimize the adsorption and desorption of H atoms, and can promote both Volmer and Heyrovsky steps of HER. In addition, the electron density modulation of catalytic sites also improves the OER catalytic performance of Fe0.29Co0.71P. The overall water splitting electrolyzer assembled by Fe0.29Co0.71P/Ni-foam exhibits a lower cell voltage (1.59 V/10 mA cm−2), compared to that (1.61 V/10 mA cm−2) of the IrO2//Pt/C electrolyzer.
Bibliographical noteGenerated from Scopus record by KAUST IRTS on 2023-09-23
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
- Materials Science(all)
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering