From aqueous liquid electrolytes for lithium–air cells to ionic liquid electrolytes that permit continuous, high-rate cycling of secondary batteries comprising metallic lithium anodes, we show that many of the key impediments to progress in developing next-generation batteries with high specific energies can be overcome with cleaver designs of the electrolyte. When these designs are coupled with as cleverly engineered electrode configurations that control chemical interactions between the electrolyte and electrode or by simple additives-based schemes for manipulating physical contact between the electrolyte and electrode, we further show that rechargeable battery configurations can be facilely designed to achieve desirable safety, energy density and cycling performance.
Bibliographical noteKAUST Repository Item: Exported on 2021-07-02
Acknowledged KAUST grant number(s): KUS-C1-018-02
Acknowledgements: Study on the synthesis, and mechanical and electrochemical characterization of nanoscale organic hybrid materials (NOHMs) was supported in part by Award No. KUS-C1-018-02, made by King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST) and by the National Science Foundation, Award No. DMR-1006323. Work on C@S hybrid lithium battery cathodes and the search for electrolytes for these systems was supported as part of the Energy Materials Center at Cornell, an Energy Frontier Research Center funded by the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Basic Energy Sciences under Award Number DE-SC0001086. JLS also gratefully acknowledges support from the Materials for a Sustainable Future IGERT program, NSF grant # DGE-0903653.
This publication acknowledges KAUST support, but has no KAUST affiliated authors.