Electrodes for ferroelectric thin films

H. N. Al-Shareef, K. D. Gifford, S. H. Rou, P. D. Hren, O. Auciello, A. I. Kingon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

83 Scopus citations


Platinum and ruthenium oxide (RuO2) deposited by ion beam sputter-deposition are evaluated for use as electrodes for PZT thin film capacitors. The effect of deposition temperature, film thickness, and the presence of oxygen on hillock formation in platinum is discussed. It is shown that the hillock density in Pt/Ti/SiO2/Si films can be significantly reduced by properly controlling the processing conditions and film thickness. Stress measurements correlate with the experimental observation that depositing thinner platinum films (≤800 Å) is an effective means of reducing hillock formation. The use of an intermediate deposition temperature 200-250°C also helps minimize hillock formation. Diffusion of the Ti adhesion layer into and/or through the platinum was significantly reduced by replacing the Ti with a TiOx adhesion layer. RuO2 electrodes are compared to Pt in terms of resistivity, surface morphology, microstructure and film orientation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)321-332
Number of pages12
JournalIntegrated Ferroelectrics
Issue number4
StatePublished - Dec 1993
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Materials Chemistry


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