Electrical transport characteristics of single-layer organic devices from theory and experiment

S. J. Martin, Alison B. Walker, A. J. Campbell, D. D.C. Bradley

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39 Scopus citations


An electrical model based on drift diffusion is described. We have explored systematically how the shape of the current density-voltage (J-V) curves is determined by the input parameters, information that isessential when deducing values of these parameters by fitting to experimental data for an ITO/PPV/Al organic light-emitting device (OLED), where ITO is shorthand for indium tin oxide and PPV is poly(phenylene vinylene). Our conclusion is that it is often possible to obtain a unique fit even with several parameters to fit. Our results allowing for a tunneling current show remarkable resemblance to experimental data before and after the contacts are conditioned. We have demonstrated our model on single-layer devices with ITO/PFO/Au and ITO/PEDOT/PFO/Au at room temperature and ITO/TPD/Al over temperatures from 130 to 290 K. PFO is shorthand for poly (9, 9′ -dialkyl-fluorene-2,7-dyl) and TPD is shorthand for N, N′ -diphenyl- N, N′ -bis(3-methylphenyl)1- 1′ -biphenyl- 4, 4′ -diamine. Good fits to experimental data have been obtained, but in the case of the TPD device, only if a larger value for the relative permittivity ∈s than would be expected is used. We infer that a layer of dipoles at the ITO/TPD interface could be responsible for the observed J-V characteristics by locally causing changes in ∈s. The strong temperature dependence of the hole barrier height from fitting J-V characteristics to the experimental data may indicate that the temperature dependence of the thermionic emission model is incorrect. © 2005 American Institute of Physics.
Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of Applied Physics
Issue number6
StatePublished - Sep 15 2005
Externally publishedYes

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