Electric fields in a counterflow nonpremixed flame: measurement and simulation

Jin Park, Jinwoo Son, Thomas D. Butterworth, Min Suk Cha*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


In electric field modified flames, the electric body force on fluid elements can play a role in modifying the flow field, affecting flame characteristics by this modified flow motion. Numerical studies have developed ion kinetic mechanisms and appropriate transport models for charged species, validating them with a voltage-current trend in 1D premixed flames. Recent experimental approaches have measured the electric field by adopting the Electric Field Induced Second Harmonic generation (EFISH) technique. However, the quantification has turned out very challenging due to the inherent distortion in the EFISH signal, as well as inhomogeneous temperature and concentration fields in the combustion field. Here, we propose measurement and calibration schemes to quantify the EFISH signal in a laminar counterflow nonpremixed flame and present comparison with numerical results using an in-house multi-physics CFD (Computational Fluid Dynamics) code. Overall, the quantified electric fields agreed well with those from numerical simulation, specifically capturing null electric fields near the flame in the sub-saturated regime due to the electric field screening effect. In the saturated regime, notable discrepancy was found in a fuel stream when electrons moved through it: experiment indicated a significant number of negative ions in the fuel stream, whereas numerical results predicted negligible negative ions, due to the implemented ion-mechanism. This suggested that the experimentally obtained electric fields may serve as validation data for modeling studies to improve transport models and ion-mechanism. In-situ measurement of charged species in the presence of external electric fields should be a future work.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number7622
JournalScientific Reports
Issue number1
StatePublished - Dec 2023

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The research reported in this publication was funded by King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST), under award number BAS/1/1384-01-01.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023, The Author(s).

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General


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