Elastic Seismic Imaging Enhancement of Sparse 4C Ocean-Bottom Node Data Using Deep Learning

Shijun Cheng, Xingchen Shi, Weijian Mao, Tariq Ali Alkhalifah, Tao Yang, Yuzhu Liu, Heping Sun

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


The ocean bottom node (OBN) seismic acquisition system is designed to gather high-fidelity, wide-azimuth, and long-offset four-component (4C) data, which includes shear waves and enables the use of the elastic assumption in imaging and inversion. However, deploying geophysical instruments on the seafloor is difficult and costly, leading to the usual adoption of sparse node spacing. This can, however, lead to poor illumination and imaging challenges, especially in the shallow subsurface near the seafloor. To address these issues in the context of 4C elastic imaging, we propose a deep learning-based method using a multi-scale convolutional neural network (Ms-CNN) to improve the imaging quality of OBN surveys with sparse data acquisition. As an alternative to interpolating the sparse seismic data in the data domain, which can be a challenging task due to the limitations attributed to sampling theorem and the often larger amounts of data compared to the image, we train an Ms-CNN in a supervised fashion to map from sparse data images of PP and PS sections produced by 4C Gaussian beam migration to the equivalent dense data images, allowing for the direct processing of sparse data to improve imaging quality. Here, we combine the mean absolute error and multiscale structure similarity index measure in the loss function to optimize the network’s training process, and to help improve the performance. The effectiveness of the method is demonstrated through experiments on synthetic and field data, resulting in improved event continuity and reduced noise in migration results from sparse OBN acquisitions.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-1
Number of pages1
JournalIEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing
StatePublished - May 12 2023

Bibliographical note

KAUST Repository Item: Exported on 2023-05-18
Acknowledgements: This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China under Grant 42204115 and 42130808.

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • General Earth and Planetary Sciences


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