Influence of additives and contaminants on crystallisation processes. The presence of additives and contaminants in a crystallising solution can have a considerable influence on the crystallisation properties of the products, such as nucleation and growth kinetics, agglomeration or dispersion of the crystals, and the incorporation of foreign ions into the crystal lattice. These influences are caused by various mechanisms, depending upon the type of additive or contaminant. Tailor‐made and multifunctional additives are distinguished. Trace amounts of metal ions can also modify the kinetics of crystallisation. The metal ions can be incorporated to a greater or lesser extent in the crystal, depending upon thermodynamic and kinetic factors.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Chemical Engineering(all)
- Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering