Efficient small molecule bulk heterojunction solar cells with high fill factors via pyrene-directed molecular self-assembly

Olivia P. Lee, Alan T. Yiu, Pierre Beaujuge, Claire Woo, Thomas W. Holcombe, Jill E. Millstone, Jessica D. Douglas, Mark S. Chen, Jean Frechet

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

356 Scopus citations


Efficient organic photovoltaic (OPV) materials are constructed by attaching completely planar, symmetric end-groups to donor-acceptor electroactive small molecules. Appending C2-pyrene as the small molecule end-group to a diketopyrrolopyrrole core leads to materials with a tight, aligned crystal packing and favorable morphology dictated by π-π interactions, resulting in high power conversion efficiencies and high fill factors. The use of end-groups to direct molecular self-assembly is an effective strategy for designing high-performance small molecule OPV devices. Copyright © 2011 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)5359-5363
Number of pages5
JournalAdvanced Materials
Issue number45
StatePublished - Oct 21 2011

Bibliographical note

KAUST Repository Item: Exported on 2020-10-01
Acknowledgements: This work was supported by the Director, Office of Science, Office of Basic Energy Sciences, Materials Sciences and Engineering Division, of the U.S. Department of Energy under Contract No. DE-AC02-05CH11231. Portions of this research were carried out at the Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Laboratory, a national user facility operated by Stanford University on behalf of the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Basic Energy Sciences. C.H.W. and T.W.H. thank the National Science Foundation for graduate student fellowships, and M.S.C. thanks the Camille and Henry Dreyfus Postdoctoral Program in Environmental Chemistry for fellowship. The authors thank Dr. Antonio DiPasquale for acquiring the crystal structure.

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Mechanical Engineering


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