Effects of fuels on flash boiling spray from a GDI hollow cone piezoelectric injector

Libing Wang, Kaushik Nonavinakere Vinod, Tiegang Fang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations


Flash-boiling of fuel sprays can have a significant effect on spray formation and its characteristics due to bubble nucleation, growth, and phase change, producing explosive-like atomization and complex spray structures. In this work, experiments were conducted to study the spray of both pure substance fuels (pure isooctane, pure ethanol) and multicomponent fuels (50/50 mixture of isooctane and ethanol, commercial gasoline), under flash boiling conditions and non-flash boiling conditions. Under different temperature and ambient pressure, different superheated degrees can be achieved for the fuels. Pure substances have a single vapor pressure curve, while mixtures do not have a single boiling point at a given pressure, and a two-phase region exists for multicomponent fuel. Under the same conditions, ethanol has higher superheated degree compared to isooctane, but the heat of vaporization for ethanol is also much higher. This contributes to the fact that less boiling is observed in the ethanol spray with longer penetration in several cases. Mixture 50/50 shows a good average of isooctane and ethanol for spray penetration and spray front plume ratio analysis. Gasoline, due to its low initial boiling point and wide range of components, has the widest plume ratio distribution and smallest gradient, as well as complex peak penetration velocity distribution. The results also imply that adding low boiling point (preferably with low heat of vaporization as well) additive or component to high boiling point fuel can facilitate flash boiling, fuel vaporization and mixing.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)116080
StatePublished - Aug 30 2019
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

KAUST Repository Item: Exported on 2022-06-10
Acknowledgements: This research was supported in part by the Saudi Aramco Public R&D Center through the Clean Combustion Research Center of the King Abdullah University of Science and Technology.
This publication acknowledges KAUST support, but has no KAUST affiliated authors.

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Fuel Technology


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