Effects of CO2 Dilution and CH4 Addition on Laminar Burning Velocities of Syngas at Elevated Pressures: An Experimental and Modeling Study

Shixing Wang, Zhihua Wang, Ayman M. Elbaz, Yong He, Chenlin Chen, Yanqun Zhu, William L. Roberts

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


Variations in biomass-derived syngas composition can be a challenge to efficient combustion and low emissions. A study on the effects of CO2 dilution and CH4 addition on flame propagating characteristics of syngas at high pressure was conducted using the heat flux method and kinetic simulations. This paper presents the laminar burning velocity, SL of H2/CO/CO2/O2/diluent mixtures and H2/CO/CH4/O2/diluent at ϕ = 0.5–2.5, elevated pressures one-11 atm and H2–CO mole fraction ratios 0.25:0.75 to 0.75:0.25. The effects of CO2 mole fraction dilution in the fuel (from 0.0 to 0.4), CH4/(CH4+CO) (from 0.0 to 1.0), and pressure dependence on SL were experimentally investigated and compared to the simulated results from three kinetic mechanisms. The increase of the hydrogen mole fraction, or the decrease of the CO2 mole fraction in the fuel, both lead to an increase of SL; the decreased mole fraction enhanced SL significantly more in over-rich conditions. The dilution, thermal-diffusion, and chemical effects (including the direct reaction and three-body effects) of CO2 dilution were quantitively distinguished at different pressures and H2 contents. The results showed that increasing the pressure and CO2 mole fraction in the fuel enhanced the competition of H consuming reactions, and the retarding effect of CO2 dilution was found to be favored at high hydrogen content syngas conditions. Both CO2 dilution and CH4 addition decreased the overall reaction order of the syngas flames by decreasing the adiabatic flame temperature. Increasing the pressure and H2 content increased the syngas heat release rate by enhancing three-body collision reactions and enrichment of H radical, and their effects were reversed on syngas flame speed.
Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalEnergy & Fuels
StatePublished - Oct 28 2021

Bibliographical note

KAUST Repository Item: Exported on 2021-11-01
Acknowledgements: This work was supported by the Zhejiang Province Public Welfare Technology Application Analysis and Test Project: LGC19E06000 and King Abdullah University of Science and Technology.

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • General Chemical Engineering
  • Fuel Technology


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