Effects of calcinations temperature and precursor concentration on crystallinity of NiO nanocrystalline powder synthesized via Ethylene Glycol route

Prawistin Noorlaily, Mohamad Insan Nugraha, Ferry Iskandar, Mikrajuddin Abdullah, Khairurrijal

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Nickel Oxide (NiO) nanocrystalline has been successfully synthesized by Ethylene Glycol (EG) route. The samples were prepared using NiCl 2 ·6H 2 O as precursor, EG as solvent and agglomeration preventing agent, and ammonium bicarbonate as precipitant. In this research, the effect of calcination temperature and precursor concentration were investigated. The experimental result showed that crystallite sizes of NiO were 4.8 nm, 9.1 nm, and 15.3 nm when the calcinations temperature was 300°C, 400°C, and 500°C respectively. It was obvious that when calcinations temperature increased, the crystallite size of NiO increased, then the calculated activation energy for NiO nanocrystalline growth during calcinations is 21.33 kJmol -1 .In the effect of precursor concentration,by using concentrations 0.25 M, 0.5 M, and 1 M, crystallite sizes increase with the increasing concentration as 17.4 nm, 15.7 nm, and 24.8 nm respectively. These result implied that crystallite size of NiO powder can be controlled not only by calcinations temperature but also controlled by precursor concentration.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication5th Asian Physics Symposium, APS 2012
EditorsSparisoma Viridi, Khairul Basar, Ferry Iskandar, Bobby Eka Gunara, Wahyu Srigutomo
PublisherAmerican Institute of Physics Inc.
ISBN (Electronic)9780735412989
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 16 2015
Event5th Asian Physics Symposium, APS 2012 - Bandung, Indonesia
Duration: Jul 10 2012Jul 12 2012

Publication series

NameAIP Conference Proceedings
Volume1656
ISSN (Print)0094-243X
ISSN (Electronic)1551-7616

Conference

Conference5th Asian Physics Symposium, APS 2012
Country/TerritoryIndonesia
CityBandung
Period07/10/1207/12/12

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2015 AIP Publishing LLC.

Keywords

  • Concentration
  • Ethylene glycol
  • Nickel oxide
  • Temperature

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Physics and Astronomy

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