Effect of turbulence and initial temperature inhomogeneity on homogeneous charge compression ignition combustion

R. Yu*, X. S. Bai, H. Lehtiniemi, S. S. Ahmed, F. Mauss, M. Richter, M. Aldén, L. Hildingsson, Bengt Johansson, A. Hultqvist

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaperpeer-review

9 Scopus citations


A 0.5 liter optical HCCI engine firing a mixture of n-heptane (50%) and iso-octane (50%) with air/fuel ratio of 3 is studied using large eddy simulation (LES) and laser diagnostics. Formaldehyde and OH LIF and in-cylinder pressure were measured in the experiments to characterize the ignition process. The LES made use of a detailed chemical kinetic mechanism that consists of 233 species and 2019 reactions. The auto-ignition simulation is coupled with LES by the use of a renormalized reaction progress variable. Systematic LES study on the effect of initial temperature inhomogeneity and turbulence intensity has been carried out to delineate their effect on the ignition process. It was shown that the charge under the present experimental condition would not be ignited without initial temperature inhomogeneity. Increasing temperature inhomogeneity leads to earlier ignition whereas increasing turbulence intensity would retard the ignition. This is mostly due to the effect of turbulence on the bulk flow that turbulence tends to decrease the temperature inhomogeneity by enhanced eddy heat transfer. The LES results suggest that desirable ignition timing could be achieved by controlling the turbulence intensity and temperature inhomogeneity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
StatePublished - Dec 1 2006
EventPowertrain and Fluid Systems Conference and Exhibition - Toronto, ON, Canada
Duration: Oct 16 2006Oct 19 2006


OtherPowertrain and Fluid Systems Conference and Exhibition
CityToronto, ON

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Automotive Engineering
  • Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
  • Pollution
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering


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