Effect of spinning conditions on the fabrication of cellulose acetate hollow fiber membrane for CO2 separation from N2 and CH4

Muhammad Mubashir, Yin Fong Yeong, Kok Keong Lau, Thiam Leng Chew

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

42 Scopus citations

Abstract

In the current work, effect of spinning conditions including, take-up speed and air-gap distance and post-treatment methods on the fabrication of cellulose acetate hollow fiber membranes (CA-HFMs) for CO2/N2 and CO2/CH4 separations have been reported. The gas permeation results obtained in this work revealed that permeances of gases were decreased with increase in take-up speed from free fall to 12.2 m/min. Meanwhile, gas pair selectivities increased with increasing take-up speed. Subsequently, increment in air-gap distance produced the “V” pattern for gases permeances and “A” pattern of gas pair selectivities for all CA-HFMs spun at different take-up speeds. Therefore, optimum take-up speed and air gap distance of CA-HFMs of 12.2 m/min and 5.0 cm were obtained, respectively. CA-HFM spun at optimum spinning conditions showed the highest CO2/CH4 and CO2/N2 ideal selectivities of 7.9 and 6.0, respectively. On the other hand, permeation results also demonstrated that the CO2/CH4 and CO2/N2 ideal selectivities of PDMS coated CA-HFMs were higher about 70.9% and 84.1%, respectively, compared to those values obtained from thermally treated CA-HFMs. Therefore, PDMS coating is considered as an effective approach to seal the macro-voids of HFMs compared to the thermal treatment in order to achieve higher permeation performance for CO2 separations. In addition, permeation results also manifested that the CA-HFM fabricated at optimum conditions has incredible worth from the prospective of industrial separations of CO2 from flue and natural gas.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-11
Number of pages11
JournalPolymer Testing
Volume73
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2019
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Generated from Scopus record by KAUST IRTS on 2023-09-20

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Organic Chemistry
  • Polymers and Plastics

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