Effect of mechanical milling on the morphology and structural evaluation of Al-Al2O3 nanocomposite powders

A. Fathy, A. Wagih, M. Abd El-Hamid, A. A. Hassan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

50 Scopus citations

Abstract

The morphological and microstructural changes during mechanical milling of Al powder mixed with 2.5, 5 and 10 wt.% Al2O3 particles were studied. The milling was performed in a planetary ball mill for various times up to 20h. The produced composite powders were investigated using X-ray diffraction pattern (XRD) to elucidate the role of particle size, secondary phase content and milling time on grain size and lattice strain of Al matrix. The aluminum crystallite size estimated with broadening of XRD peaks by Williamson-Hall formula. The morphological changes were studied by SEM technique. The results show that the addition of hard Al2O 3 particles accelerates the milling process, leading to faster work hardening rate and fracture of the aluminum matrix. Furthermore, Al becomes smaller crystallite size during ball milling of Al powder in the presence of Al2O3 particles. The results revealed that the grain size of milled powders was about 45nm with a noticeable presence of agglomerates. Uniform distribution of nano-sized Al2O3 particles in the Al matrix could be achieved with increasing milling time.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)625-632
Number of pages8
JournalInternational Journal of Engineering, Transactions A: Basics
Volume27
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2014
Externally publishedYes

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Generated from Scopus record by KAUST IRTS on 2023-09-21

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