Effect of biocides and anionic homopolymeric inhibitors on the precipitation behavior of calcium fluoride

Afrasiab Ur Rehman, Abbas Khan, Muhammad Humayun, Gulnaz Bibi, Keying Shi, Fazal Raziq

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1 Scopus citations

Abstract

This paper describes the effect of biocides and of the anionic homopolymeric inhibitors on the precipitation behavior of calcium fluoride (CaF2).The efficiency of inhibitors in the presence and absence of biocides was calculated using the half-life (t1/2) approach, where 50% of the concentration has been precipitated. Conductometric and X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis have been performed for the calcium fluoride scale minerals using three polymeric inhibitors and three biocides, which are commonly used in industrial processes. The main aim of the study was to investigate the role of anionic homopolymerspoly(acrylic acid) PAA, and of the oxidizing and non-oxidizing biocides such as; sodium hypochlorite, gluteraldehyde, tris(hydroxymethyl) nitromethane). It was found that addition of low concentration (1-10 mg/L) of the polymers (K-752, K-732 and K-702) have great inhibitory effect on the precipitation of calcium fluoride (CaF2). Their inhibition efficiency was in the order, K-752 > K-732 > K-702. The observed behaviour can be attributed to the effect of molecular weight of the polymer. The polymer having higher molecular weight shows weaker inhibiting ability. However, the oxidizing and non-oxidizing biocides have no appreciable effect on their performance and hence on the overall inhibition process.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)115-126
Number of pages12
JournalBulletin of the Chemical Society of Ethiopia
Volume31
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2017
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Generated from Scopus record by KAUST IRTS on 2023-09-21

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)

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