Effect of addition of different additives on overall performance of bioflim-MBR (BF-MBR)

Igor Ivanovic*, Tor Ove Leiknes

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


The effectiveness of five additives, two iron based and two alum based coagulants and one modified cationic polymer was investigated in relation to reduction of fouling rates in biofilm-MBR. Additionally, the amount of colloidal organic matter in terms of soluble microbial products (SMP), dissolved organic carbon (DOC) and filtered chemical oxygen demand (FCOD) removal, retained by membrane was related to measured membrane fouling rates. Optimal dosage was defined based on maximum values of coefficient additive utilization (CAU). Iron chloride at higher chosen dosage showed that fouling could be reduced up to seven times, where for polymerized alum chloride it was measured reduction of about 3 times. The iron chloride coagulant performed better than iron chloride sulfate, in terms of fouling reduction. Higher basicity of polymerized inorganic coagulant did not result in improved membrane performance. Modified cationic polymer showed good potential in instantaneous fouling reduction, however continuous dosing strategy was found difficult to use without thorough monitoring of the system performance. Reduction in fouling rates relates better to reduction of SMP carbohydrates, than to SMPprotein and DOC. Also FCOD was seen as good potential fouling predictor parameter. Synergetic effect of high total phosphorus removal rates and reduced fouling rates give advantage of iron chloride coagulant over the others tested additives in this study.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)129-135
Number of pages7
JournalDesalination and Water Treatment
Issue number1-3
StatePublished - Oct 2011
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Financial support by: Norwegian research council (NFR) and Eurombra research project supported by the European Commission under the Sixth Framework Programme, Contract No. 018480; Krüger Kaldnes, Norway, for support with the biofilm reactor, Zenon Environmental Inc., Canada, for supplying the membrane modules, Kemira, Finland and Nalco, USA for support with chemicals.


  • Biofilm MBR
  • Coagulation
  • Colloidal organic matter
  • Fouling control

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Water Science and Technology
  • Ocean Engineering
  • Pollution


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