Edge stabilization in reduced-dimensional perovskites.

Li Na Quan, Dongxin Ma, Yongbiao Zhao, Oleksandr Voznyy, Haifeng Yuan, Eva Bladt, Jun Pan, F Pelayo García de Arquer, Randy Sabatini, Zachary Piontkowski, Abdul-Hamid M. Emwas, Petar Todorović, Rafael Quintero-Bermudez, Grant Walters, James Z Fan, Mengxia Liu, Hairen Tan, Makhsud I Saidaminov, Liang Gao, Yiying LiDalaver H. Anjum, Nini Wei, Jiang Tang, David W McCamant, Maarten B J Roeffaers, Sara Bals, Johan Hofkens, Osman Bakr, Zhenghong Lu, E. Sargent

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

144 Scopus citations

Abstract

Reduced-dimensional perovskites are attractive light-emitting materials due to their efficient luminescence, color purity, tunable bandgap, and structural diversity. A major limitation in perovskite light-emitting diodes is their limited operational stability. Here we demonstrate that rapid photodegradation arises from edge-initiated photooxidation, wherein oxidative attack is powered by photogenerated and electrically-injected carriers that diffuse to the nanoplatelet edges and produce superoxide. We report an edge-stabilization strategy wherein phosphine oxides passivate unsaturated lead sites during perovskite crystallization. With this approach, we synthesize reduced-dimensional perovskites that exhibit 97 ± 3% photoluminescence quantum yields and stabilities that exceed 300 h upon continuous illumination in an air ambient. We achieve green-emitting devices with a peak external quantum efficiency (EQE) of 14% at 1000 cd m-2; their maximum luminance is 4.5 × 104 cd m-2 (corresponding to an EQE of 5%); and, at 4000 cd m-2, they achieve an operational half-lifetime of 3.5 h.
Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalNature communications
Volume11
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 10 2020

Bibliographical note

KAUST Repository Item: Exported on 2020-10-01
Acknowledged KAUST grant number(s): KUS-11-009-21
Acknowledgements: This publication is based in part on work supported by an award (KUS-11-009-21) from the King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST), by the Ontario Research Fund Research Excellence Program, by the Ontario Research Fund (ORF), by the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council (NSERC) of Canada, and by the US Department of Navy, Office of Naval Research (Grant Award No. N00014-17-1-2524). H.Y. acknowledges the Research Foundation-Flanders (FWO Vlaanderen) for a postdoctoral fellowship. E.B. gratefully acknowledges financial support by the Research Foundation-Flanders (FWO Vlaanderen). S.B. acknowledges financial support from European Research Council (ERC Starting Grant #815128-REALNANO). M.B.J.R. and J.H. acknowledge the Research Foundation-Flanders (FWO, Grants G.0962.13, G.0B39.15, AKUL/11/14 and G0H6316N), KU Leuven Research Fund (C14/15/053) and the European Research Council under the European Union’s Seventh Framework Programme (FP/2007-2013)/ERC Grant Agreement No. [307523], ERC-Stg LIGHT to M.B.J.R. DFT calculations were performed on the IBM BlueGene Q supercomputer with support from the Southern Ontario Smart Computing Innovation Platform (SOSCIP). M.I.S. acknowledges the Banting Postdoctoral Fellowship program from the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC). H.T. acknowledges the Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research (NWO) for a Rubicon grant (680-50-1511).

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