Water is vital to plants, with key cellular activities such as photosynthesis, nutrient transport, and the regulation of plant temperature all requiring, or occurring in, the presence of water molecules. Apart from playing an integral role in biophysical processes, water also helps plants maintain turgor pressure ensuring internal structure and morphology. Up to 90% of plant weight is water and the amount of water plants use is substantial. A mature houseplant can transpire its body weight every day. For natural woody vegetation, water use can cover a broad range: from 10 kg day -1 for trees in a 32-year-old Quercus petraea plantation in eastern France to 1180 kg day -1 for an overstory Euperua purpurea tree growing in the Amazonian rainforest (Wullschleger et al., 1998), with use often governed by a combination of need and availability.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Title of host publication||Handbook of Engineering Hydrology|
|Subtitle of host publication||Fundamentals and Applications|
|Number of pages||16|
|State||Published - Jan 1 2014|
Bibliographical notePublisher Copyright:
© 2014 by Taylor & Francis Group, LLC.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Environmental Science(all)