Dynamic Mode Decomposition and Its Variants

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Abstract

Dynamic mode decomposition (DMD) is a factorization and dimensionality reduction technique for data sequences. In its most common form, it processes high-dimensional sequential measurements, extracts coherent structures, isolates dynamic behavior, and reduces complex evolution processes to their dominant features and essential components. The decomposition is intimately related to Koopman analysis and, since its introduction, has spawned various extensions, generalizations, and improvements. It has been applied to numerical and experimental data sequences taken from simple to complex fluid systems and has also had an impact beyond fluid dynamics in, for example, video surveillance, epidemiology, neurobiology, and financial engineering. This review focuses on the practical aspects of DMD and its variants, as well as on its usage and characteristics as a quantitative tool for the analysis of complex fluid processes.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)225-254
Number of pages30
JournalAnnual Review of Fluid Mechanics
Volume54
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2021
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics

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