Dual-resolution Raman spectroscopy for measurements of temperature and twelve species in hydrocarbon-air flames

G. Magnotti*, R. S. Barlow

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Scopus citations


Dual-resolution Raman spectroscopy is a novel diagnostics technique for measurements of temperature and species in flames where multiple hydrocarbons are present. A dual-resolution Raman spectroscopy instrument has been developed and optimized for measurements of major species .g. N2 O2 H2O CO2 CO H2 and DME) and major combustion intermediates including CH4 CH2O C2H2 C2H4 and C2H6 in DME-air flames. The temperature dependences of the hydrocarbon Raman spectra over fixed spectral regions were assessed through a series of measurements in laminar Bunsen-burner flames and have been used to extend a library of previously acquired Raman spectra up to flame temperature. The first Raman measurements of up to twelve species in hydrocarbon flames and the first quantitative Raman measurements of formaldehyde in flames are presented. The accuracy and precision of the instrument were determined from measurements in laminar flames and the applicability of the instrument to turbulent DME-air flames is discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4477-4485
Number of pages9
JournalProceedings of the Combustion Institute
Issue number3
StatePublished - 2017

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Work was supported by the Division of Chemical Sciences, Geosciences and Biosciences, Office of Basic Energy Sciences, US Department of Energy. Additional support was provided by the Department of Energy NNSA under Grant No. DE-FC52-08NA28615. Sandia National Laboratories is a multiprogram laboratory operated by Sandia Corporation, a Lockheed Martin Company, for the United States Department of Energy under contract DE-AC04-94-AL85000. Contributions by Bob Harmon in support of these experiments are gratefully acknowledged.


  • Dimethyl ether
  • Formaldehyde
  • Hydrocarbon flames
  • Laminar flames
  • Raman spectroscopy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemical Engineering
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry


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