In recent years, supervised or unsupervised learning-based MVS methods achieved excellent performance compared with traditional methods. However, these methods only use the probability volume computed by cost volume regularization to predict reference depths and this manner cannot mine enough information from the probability volume. Furthermore, the unsupervised methods usually try to use two-step or additional inputs for training which make the procedure more complicated. In this paper, we propose the DS-MVSNet, an end-to-end unsupervised MVS structure with the source depths synthesis. To mine the information in probability volume, we creatively synthesize the source depths by splattering the probability volume and depth hypotheses to source views. Meanwhile, we propose the adaptive Gaussian sampling and improved adaptive bins sampling approach that improve the depths hypotheses accuracy. On the other hand, we utilize the source depths to render the reference images and propose depth consistency loss and depth smoothness loss. These can provide additional guidance according to photometric and geometric consistency in different views without additional inputs. Finally, we conduct a series of experiments on the DTU dataset and Tanks $&$ Temples dataset that demonstrate the efficiency and robustness of our DS-MVSNet compared with the state-of-the-art methods.
Bibliographical noteKAUST Repository Item: Exported on 2022-10-12
Acknowledgements: This work is supported by the Strategic Priority Research Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (No. XDA23090304), the National Natural Science Foundation of China (U2003109, U21A20515, 62102393),the Youth Innovation Promotion Association of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (Y201935), the State Key Laboratory of Robotics and Systems (HIT) (SKLRS-2022-KF-11), and the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities.