Does the increase in Y-dopant concentration improve the proton conductivity of BaZr1-xYxO3 fuel cell electrolytes?

Emiliana Fabbri*, Daniele Pergolesi, Silvia Licoccia, Enrico Traversa

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

172 Scopus citations


Y-doped barium zirconate (BZY) is a widely investigated proton conducting electrolyte for intermediate temperature solid oxide fuel cell applications. Yttrium is generally recognized as the most suitable dopant into the barium zirconate structure to achieve proper proton conductivity. The influence of Y concentration on the BZY electrical properties is here investigated. Single phase BaZr1-xYxO3-δ powders were obtained using a wet chemistry process in a wide compositional range (0.2 ≤ x ≤ 0.5). Inductively coupled plasma (ICP) and X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis suggested complete Y solubility into the BZY powders for all the tested compositions. Proton concentration as a function of Y content was evaluated in the 200-800 °C temperature range using thermogravimetric analysis performed under a water partial pressure of ∼ 0.03 atm. The larger the Y content, the larger the proton concentration. By means of electrochemical impedance spectroscopy, the electrical conductivity of BZY sintered pellets was measured under humidified 10% H2/Ar atmosphere. Despite the increase in defect concentration, the conductivity decreased with increasing the Y concentration, due to both hindered mobility and reduced charge carrier concentration.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1043-1051
Number of pages9
JournalSolid State Ionics
Issue number21-22
StatePublished - Jul 26 2010
Externally publishedYes


  • Barium zirconate
  • Dopant
  • Intermediate temperature solid oxide fuel cell
  • Proton conductor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemistry
  • General Materials Science
  • Condensed Matter Physics


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