Development of high performance green c-plane III-nitride light-emitting diodes

Abdullah. I. Alhassan, Nathan. G. Young, Robert. M. Farrell, Christopher. Pynn, Feng. Wu, Ahmed. Y. Alyamani, Shuji Nakamura, Steven. P. DenBaars, James. S. Speck

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

53 Scopus citations


The effect of employing an AlGaN cap layer in the active region of green c-plane light-emitting diodes (LEDs) was studied. Each quantum well (QW) and barrier in the active region consisted of an InGaN QW and a thin Al0.30Ga0.70N cap layer grown at a relatively low temperature and a GaN barrier grown at a higher temperature. A series of experiments and simulations were carried out to explore the effects of varying the Al0.30Ga0.70N cap layer thickness and GaN barrier growth temperature on LED efficiency and electrical performance. We determined that the Al0.30Ga0.70N cap layer should be around 2 nm and the growth temperature of the GaN barrier should be approximately 75° C higher than the growth temperature of the InGaN QW to maximize the LED efficiency, minimize the forward voltage, and maintain good morphology. Optimized Al0.30Ga0.70N cap growth conditions within the active region resulted in high efficiency green LEDs with a peak external quantum efficiency (EQE) of 40.7% at 3 A/cm2. At a normal operating condition of 20 A/cm2, output power, EQE, forward voltage, and emission wavelength were 13.8 mW, 29.5%, 3.5 V, and 529.3 nm, respectively.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)5591
JournalOptics Express
Issue number5
StatePublished - Feb 23 2018
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

KAUST Repository Item: Exported on 2021-04-06
Acknowledgements: King Abdulaziz City for Science and Technology (KACST) Technology Innovations Center (TIC) program and the KACST-KAUST-UCSB Solid State Lighting Program. Additional support was provided by the Solid State Lighting and Energy Electronics Center (SSLEEC) at UCSB. A portion of this work was done in the UCSB nanofabrication facility, part of the NSF NNIN network (ECS-0335765), as well as the UCSB MRL, which is supported by the NSF MRSEC program (DMR-1121053).
This publication acknowledges KAUST support, but has no KAUST affiliated authors.

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics


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