Development of a Drift-Flux velocity closure for a coupled Σ−Y Spray Atomization Model

Adrian Pandal, B.M. Ningegowda, F.N.Z. Rahantamialisoa, J. Zembi, Hong G. Im, M. Battistoni

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


Modeling of spray in a dense near-nozzle region remains a great challenge, because of the large scale separation between the small features of the interface and the overall jet. Diffuse-interface treatment in a single-fluid Eulerian framework, in which the interfacial surface area density (Σ) is used to describe the atomization process, has attracted interest for its potential in providing a manageable and still accurate model. In this work, we propose a new formulation of the Σ-Y spray atomization model that accounts for liquid diffusion due to drift-flux velocities, correctly predicting the behavior under all relevant engine conditions. Additionally, the present formulation allows the interfacial dynamics to impact the transport of the liquid mass fraction, thus making the interfacial density an active scalar fully coupled with the rest of the flow, overcoming limitations of previous formulations. The new model is implemented in the OpenFOAM framework and validated against experimental measurements under non-vaporizing and vaporizing environments, and at reacting conditions.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)103691
JournalInternational Journal of Multiphase Flow
StatePublished - May 2021

Bibliographical note

KAUST Repository Item: Exported on 2021-06-08
Acknowledged KAUST grant number(s): CRG grant OSR-2017-CRG6-3409.03
Acknowledgements: Authors acknowledge that part of this work was partially funded by Banco Santander in the frame of ‘ayudas económicas de movilidad de excelencia para docentes e investigadores de la Universidad de Oviedo, 2019’ and by Universidad de Oviedo in the frame of ‘Modalidad B: Ayudas para proyectos de Equipos de Investigación emergentes 2020’ under the project Modelos de Interfaz Difusa en Sprays para Plantas Propulsivas Sostenibles (DIFFIST).

The support from King Abdullah University of Science and Technology, Saudi Arabia, under the CRG grant OSR-2017-CRG6-3409.03, is also gratefully acknowledged.

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Physics and Astronomy
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes


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