Determination of Critical State Parameters inSandy Soils - Simple Procedure

J. Carlos Santamarina*, Gye Chun Cho

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

105 Scopus citations


The critical state is arguably the most robust criterion for strength design, including post liquefaction strength. The conventional triaxial test is used for the determination of critical state parameters; however, it is time-consuming and the required set of tests is relatively expensive for common geotechnical lasks. A simplified test procedure is developed to determine the critical state line in sandy soils. The procedure is reliable, economical, and fast. In order to verify the simplified test procedure, results are compared against critical state parameters determined in conventional triaxial tests. The comparison shows very good agreement between critical state parameters obtained with the suggested procedure and those gathered with triaxial testing. Limitations are identified.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)185-192
Number of pages8
JournalGeotechnical Testing Journal
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jun 2001


  • Critical state
  • Index properties
  • Mohr-Coulomb failure criterion
  • Sand
  • Strength
  • Triaxial testing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology


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