In the last 20 years, lead-acid battery has experienced a paradigm transition to lead-carbon batteries due to the huge demand for renewable energy storage and start-stop hybrid electric vehicles. Carbon additives show a positive effect for retarding the sulfation of Pb negative electrode toward the partial state of charge operation. Lead-carbon composite additive could synergistically solve the problem of sulfation while inhibiting parasitic hydrogen evolution reaction of carbon. The design principles of lead-carbon additives toward future lead-carbon batteries are discussed in this paper.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Journal||Current Opinion in Electrochemistry|
|State||Published - Jul 8 2021|
Bibliographical noteKAUST Repository Item: Exported on 2021-08-06
Acknowledgements: The authors acknowledge the financial support from the National Natural Science Foundation of China (nos. 21573093, 21975101), the Science and Technology Innovation Team Project of Jilin University (2017TD-31), the National Key Research and Development Plan (no. 2018YFB1501503), the Research and Development Program in Key Fields of Guangdong Province (no. 2020B1111380002), and the Hefei National Laboratory for Physical Sciences at the Microscale (KF2020106). Wenli Zhang acknowledges the start-up funding of Guangdong University of Technology.