Hollow nanostructures have shown great promise for energy storage, conversion, and production technologies. Significant efforts have been devoted to the design and synthesis of hollow nanostructures with diverse compositional and geometric characteristics in the past decade. However, the correlation between their structure and energy-related performance has not been reviewed thoroughly in the literature. Here, some representative examples of designing hollow nanostructure to effectively solve the problems of energy-related technologies are highlighted, such as lithium-ion batteries, lithium-metal anodes, lithium–sulfur batteries, supercapacitors, dye-sensitized solar cells, electrocatalysis, and photoelectrochemical cells. The great effect of structure engineering on the performance is discussed in depth, which will benefit the better design of hollow nanostructures to fulfill the requirements of specific applications and simultaneously enrich the diversity of the hollow nanostructure family. Finally, future directions of hollow nanostructure design to solve emerging challenges and further improve the performance of energy-related technologies are also provided.
Bibliographical noteKAUST Repository Item: Exported on 2021-03-10
Acknowledgements: Y.C. acknowledges the support from the Assistant Secretary for Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Office of Vehicle Technologies, Battery Materials research (BMR) Program and Battery 500 Consortium of the U.S. Department of Energy, Stanford Global Climate and Energy Projects (GCEP), the Office of Naval Research, the Joint Center for Energy Storage Research (JCESR), and a KAUST Investigator Award. D.W. acknowledges National Science Fund for Distinguished Young Scholars (Grant No. 21325105), National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 21590795, 21671016, 51472025, 51472244, 51672274, 51661165013, 51572261, 21401199, and 51372245), The National Key Research and Development Program of China (Grant No. 2016YFB0600903), Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) Interdisciplinary Innovation Team, Australian Research Council (ARC) Discovery Project (Grant Nos. 160104817 and 180103430), Youth Innovation Promotion Association of CAS (Grant No. 2017070), the Foundation for State Key Laboratory of Biochemical Engineering, and Beijing Nova Programme Interdisciplinary Cooperation Project.
This publication acknowledges KAUST support, but has no KAUST affiliated authors.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Mechanics of Materials
- Materials Science(all)
- Mechanical Engineering