Deformable medical image registration with global-local transformation network and region similarity constraint.

Xinke Ma, Hengfei Cui, Shuoyan Li, Yibo Yang, Yong Xia

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    1 Scopus citations


    Deformable medical image registration can achieve fast and accurate alignment between two images, enabling medical professionals to analyze images of different subjects in a unified anatomical space. As such, it plays an important role in many medical image studies. Current deep learning (DL)-based approaches for image registration directly learn spatial transformation from one image to another, relying on a convolutional neural network and ground truth or similarity metrics. However, these methods only use a global similarity energy function to evaluate the similarity of a pair of images, which ignores the similarity of regions of interest (ROIs) within the images. This can limit the accuracy of the image registration and affect the analysis of specific ROIs. Additionally, DL-based methods often estimate global spatial transformations of images directly, without considering local spatial transformations of ROIs within the images. To address this issue, we propose a novel global-local transformation network with a region similarity constraint that maximizes the similarity of ROIs within the images and estimates both global and local spatial transformations simultaneously. Experiments conducted on four public 3D MRI datasets demonstrate that the proposed method achieves the highest registration performance in terms of accuracy and generalization compared to other state-of-the-art methods.

    Bibliographical note

    KAUST Repository Item: Exported on 2023-07-28
    Acknowledgements: This work was supported in part by the Key Research and Development Program of Shaanxi Province under Grant 2022GY-084, in part by the National Key R&D Program of China under Grant 2022YFC2009903 and 2022YFC2009900, and in part by the National Natural Science Foundation of China under Grant 62171377 and 62271405.

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Health Informatics
    • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
    • Radiological and Ultrasound Technology
    • Computer Graphics and Computer-Aided Design
    • Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition


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