Defect-band mediated ferromagnetism in Gd-doped ZnO thin films

S. Venkatesh, J. B. Franklin, M. P. Ryan, J.-S. Lee, Hendrik Ohldag, M. A. McLachlan, N. M. Alford, Iman S. Roqan

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43 Scopus citations


Gd-doped ZnO thin films prepared by pulsed laser deposition with Gd concentrations varying from 0.02–0.45 atomic percent (at. %) showed deposition oxygen pressure controlled ferromagnetism. Thin films prepared with Gd dopant levels (
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)013913
JournalJournal of Applied Physics
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 7 2015

Bibliographical note

KAUST Repository Item: Exported on 2020-10-01
Acknowledgements: The authors acknowledge the financial support from the Academic Excellence Alliance (AEA) Grant from King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST), Saudi Arabia. We thank Dr. Katharina, Lorenz Instituto Superior Técnico, Universidade de Lisboa, Portugal for fitting the RBS data. Soft X-ray spectroscopic studies were carried out at the SSRL, a Directorate of SLAC and an Office of Science User Facility operated for the U.S. DOE Office of Science by Stanford University. J.S.L. acknowledges partial support by the Department of Energy, Office of Basic Energy Sciences, Materials Sciences and Engineering Division, under Contract No. DE-AC02-76SF00515.


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