Deep UV Laser at 249 nm Based on GaN Quantum Wells

Maocheng Shan, Yi Zhang, Tinh Binh Tran, Jie’an Jiang, Hanling Long, Zhihua Zheng, An’ge Wang, Wei Guo, Jichun Ye, Changqing Chen, Jiangnan Dai, Xiaohang Li

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

23 Scopus citations


In this Letter, we report on deep UV laser emitting at 249 nm based on thin GaN quantum wells (QWs) by optical pumping at room temperature. The laser threshold was 190 kW/cm2 that is comparable to state-of-the-art AlGaN QW lasers at similar wavelengths. The laser structure was pseudomorphically grown on a c-plane sapphire substrate by metalorganic chemical vapor deposition, comprising 40 pairs of 4 monolayer (ML) GaN QWs sandwiched by 6 ML AlN quantum barriers (QBs). The low threshold at the wavelength was attributed to large optical and quantum confinement and high quality of the material, interface, and Fabry-Pérot facet. The emissions below and above the threshold were both dominated by transverse electric polarizations thanks to the valence band characteristics of GaN. This work unambiguously demonstrates the potentials of the binary AlN/GaN heterojunctions for high-performance UV emitters.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2387-2391
Number of pages5
JournalACS Photonics
Issue number10
StatePublished - Sep 26 2019

Bibliographical note

KAUST Repository Item: Exported on 2020-10-01
Acknowledged KAUST grant number(s): BAS/1/1664-01-01, REP/1/3189-01-01, URF/1/3437-01-01
Acknowledgements: This work is supported by the National Key Research and Development Program of China (Grant No. 2016YFB0400901), the Key Laboratory of infrared imaging materials and detectors, Shanghai Institute of Technical Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences (Grant No. IIMDKFJJ-17-09), the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 61704062, 61774065, and 61704176), the China Postdoctoral Science Foundation (Grant No. 2016M602287), and the Director Fund of WNLO. The KAUST authors appreciate the support of KAUST Baseline BAS/1/1664-01-01, GCC Research Council REP/1/3189-01-01, and Competitive Research Grants URF/1/3437-01-01 and URF/1/3771-01-01.


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