Decreasing the coking and deactivation of a reforming Ni-Ce/Al2O3 catalyst with intraparticle SiC in hydrogen production routes

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10 Scopus citations

Abstract

Steam reforming processes are under pressure to fuel the hydrogen economy, cutting its significant carbon footprint and transitioning to renewable feedstock while improving catalyst performance and lifetime. A seemingly inert material such as silicon carbide (SiC, also known as carborundum), introduced in the catalytic particles, significantly influences catalytic performance and particularly the deactivation. We synthesized different catalysts with similar amounts of active materials (20 wt% of Ni and 2 wt% of Ce) and varied the proportion (0 to 78 wt%) and particle size (38 to 112 µm) of SiC within alumina. We used various techniques to characterize the catalysts and test them in reforming heptane, which was employed as a model molecule. The maximum enhancement with SiC occurs using 20 wt% of SiC with a size of 38 µm. Further, the enhancement with SiC is due to the control of the Ni particle size, leading to a 26 % improvement in the apparent reaction rate (per exposed Ni) and a 69 % decline in the deactivation rate compared to the SiC-free counterpart.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)127058
JournalFuel
Volume337
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 22 2022

Bibliographical note

KAUST Repository Item: Exported on 2023-01-02
Acknowledged KAUST grant number(s): BAS/1/1403
Acknowledgements: We greatly acknowledge the funding provided by the King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST), BAS/1/1403, and KAUST Core Labs for the analytical instruments and support.

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Organic Chemistry
  • General Chemical Engineering
  • Fuel Technology

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