Decomposition of dimethyl methylphosphonate vapor on ultrathin-film titania photocatalytic light absorber

Wei Wu, Haomin Song, Qiaoqiang Gan, Dongxia Liu

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Abstract

The decomposition of chemical warfare agent simulant, dimethyl methylphophonate (DMMP) vapor, was investigated on an ultrathin film titania (TiO2) photocatalytic light absorber. The light absorber contains an aluminum (Al) reflector and the TiO2 thin film with different thicknesses, sequentially deposited on a supportive glass substrate. The designed structure constructs a nanocavity that exhibits strong light absorption within the photocatalytic TiO2 ultrathin film. Thus, the intrinsic trade-off between optical absorption and charge carrier extraction efficiency, i.e., a light absorber should be thick enough to absorb the light allowable by its band gap but thin enough to allow charge carrier extraction for catalytic reactions, is conquered. The TiO2/Al light absorber significantly boosted TiO2 photocatalytic activity compared to the benchmark Aeroxide®P25 catalyst (i.e., up to 2013 times increase in reaction rate). The effects of reactant (i.e. DMMP, water and oxygen, respectively) partial pressure and reaction temperature on photocatalytic decomposition of DMMP by the ultrathin-film TiO2 photocatalytic light absorber were studied. Kinetic data of the DMMP decomposition can be described by the Langmuir-Hinshelwood model.
Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalChemosphere
Volume274
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2021
Externally publishedYes

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