Deciphering photocarrier dynamics for tuneable high-performance perovskite-organic semiconductor heterojunction phototransistors

Yen-Hung Lin, Wentao Huang, Pichaya Pattanasattayavong, Jongchul Lim, Ruipeng Li, Nobuya Sakai, Julianna Panidi, Min Ji Hong, Chun Ma, Nini Wei, Nimer Wehbe, Zhuping Fei, Martin Heeney, John G. Labram, Thomas D. Anthopoulos, Henry J. Snaith

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Looking beyond energy harvesting, metal-halide perovskites offer great opportunities to revolutionise large-area photodetection technologies due to their high absorption coefficients, long diffusion lengths, low trap densities and simple processability. However, successful extraction of photocarriers from perovskites and their conversion to electrical signals remain challenging due to the interdependency of photogain and dark current density. Here we report hybrid hetero-phototransistors by integrating perovskites with organic semiconductor transistor channels to form either “straddling-gap” type-I or “staggered-gap” type-II heterojunctions. Our results show that gradual transforming from type-II to type-I heterojunctions leads to increasing and tuneable photoresponsivity with high photogain. Importantly, with a preferential edge-on molecular orientation, the type-I heterostructure results in efficient photocarrier cycling through the channel. Additionally, we propose the use of a photo-inverter circuitry to assess the phototransistors’ functionality and amplification. Our study provides important insights into photocarrier dynamics and can help realise advanced device designs with “on-demand” optoelectronic properties.
Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalNature Communications
Issue number1
StatePublished - Oct 2 2019

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