@inproceedings{2db073ffaee94653839d711ed8e9733b,

title = "Data sparse computation of the Karhunen-Lo{\`e}ve expansion",

abstract = "Realistic mathematical models of physical processes contain uncertainties. These models are often described by stochastic differential equations (SDEs) or stochastic partial differential equations (SPDEs) with multiplicative noise, where uncertainties in, e.g. the right-hand side or the coefficients are represented as random fields. To solve a given SPDE numerically one has to discretise the deterministic operator as well as the stochastic fields. The total dimension of the SPDE is the product of the dimensions of the deterministic part and the stochastic part. For approximation of random fields with as few random variables as possible, but still retaining the essential information, the Karhunen-Lo{\`e}ve expansion (KLE) becomes important. The KLE of a random field requires the solution of a large eigenvalue problem. Usually it is solved by a Krylov subspace method with a sparse matrix approximation. We demonstrate the use of the low-rank and data sparse hierarchical matrix technique for solving this problem. A log-linear computational cost of the matrix-vector product and a log-linear storage requirement yield to the efficient and fast discretisation of the present random fields.",

keywords = "Hierarchical matrices, Karhunen-Lo{\`e}ve expansion, Kronecker tensor format, Random fields, SFEM, Stochastic Galerkin",

author = "Khoromskij, {B. N.} and A. Litvinenko",

year = "2008",

doi = "10.1063/1.2990920",

language = "English (US)",

isbn = "9780735405769",

series = "AIP Conference Proceedings",

pages = "311--314",

booktitle = "Numerical Analysis and Applied Mathematics - International Conference on Numerical Analysis and Applied Mathematics 2008",

note = "International Conference on Numerical Analysis and Applied Mathematics, ICNAAM 2008 ; Conference date: 16-09-2008 Through 20-09-2008",

}