Cyano substituted benzotriazole based polymers for use in organic solar cells

Abby Casey, Joshua P. Green, Pabitra Shakya Tuladhar, Mindaugas Kirkus, Yang Han, Thomas Anthopoulos, Martin Heeney*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

24 Scopus citations


A new synthetic route to the electron accepting di-cyano substituted benzo[d][1,2,3]triazole (BTz) monomer 2-(2-butyloctyl)-4,7-di(thiophen-2-yl)-2H-benzotriazole-5,6-dicarbonitrile (dTdCNBTz) is reported. The cyano substituents can be easily introduced to the BTz unit in one step via the nucleophilic aromatic substitution of the fluorine substituents of the fluorinated precursor 2-(2-butyloctyl)-4,7-di(thiophen-2-yl)-2H-benzotriazole-5,6-difluoro (dTdFBTz). Co-polymers were prepared with distannylated benzo[1,2-b:4,5-b′]dithiophene (BDT) monomers containing either 2-ethylhexylthienyl (T-EH) side chains or 2-butyloctylthienyl (T-BO) side chains via Stille coupling to yield the novel medium band gap polymers P1 and P2 respectively. Whilst the organic photovoltaic (OPV) performance of P1 was limited by a lack of solubility, the improved solubility of P2 resulted in promising device efficiencies of up to 6.9% in blends with PC61BM, with high open circuit voltages of 0.95 V.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)6465-6470
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Materials Chemistry A
Issue number14
StatePublished - Jan 1 2017

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Materials Science(all)


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