Custom-designed arrays of anodic alumina nanochannels with individually tunable pore sizes

Kun Tong Tsai, Chih Yi Liu, Huai Hsien Wang, Ting Yu Liu, Ming Yu Lai, Jr-Hau He, Yuh Lin Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


We demonstrate a process to selectively tune the pore size of an individual nanochannel in an array of high-aspect-ratio anodic aluminum oxide (AAO) nanochannels in which the pore sizes were originally uniform. This novel process enables us to fabricate arrays of AAO nanochannels of variable sizes arranged in any custom-designed geometry. The process is based on our ability to selectively close an individual nanochannel in an array by using focused ion beam (FIB) sputtering, which leads to redeposition of the sputtered material and closure of the nanochannel with a capping layer of a thickness depending on the energy of the FIB. When such a partially capped array is etched in acid, the capping layers are dissolved after different time delays due to their different thicknesses, which results in differences in the time required for the following pore-widening etching processes and therefore creates an array of nanochannels with variable pore sizes. The ability to fabricate such AAO templates with high-aspect-ratio nanochannels of tunable sizes arranged in a custom-designed geometry paves the way for the creation of nanophotonic and nanoelectronic devices.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number335301
Issue number33
StatePublished - Aug 22 2014


  • anodic aluminum oxide
  • focused ion beam
  • high-aspect-ratio nanochannel
  • lithography
  • template-assisted synthesis
  • tunable pore size

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Bioengineering
  • General Chemistry
  • General Materials Science
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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