Current nanotechnological strategies for effective delivery of bioactive drug molecules in the treatment of tuberculosis

Mandeep Kaur, Tarun Garg, Goutam Rath, Amit K. Goyal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

83 Scopus citations


Tuberculosis (TB) has gone from being a forgotten disease to a modern and recrudescent pathology from past decades. Some clinical problems and challenges associated with conventional TB chemotherapy include poor patient compliance, longer duration of chemotherapy, lesser cell permeability, primary drug resistance, difficulty in maintaining higher drug concentrations at the infected site, and degradation of the drug before reaching the target site. Thus, newer drug delivery approaches involving micrometric or nanometric carriers are needed. These delivery systems should provide advantages over conventional systems by producing optimum effectiveness to the target site, enhanced therapeutic efficacy, uniform distribution of the drug throughout the target site, increased bioavailability and sustainability of the drug, fewer side effects, and increased patient compliance. This article reviews recent updates and fabrication of drug delivery approaches for tuberculosis chemotherapy involving vesicular drug delivery systems (liposomes, niosomes, solid lipid nanoparticles), particulate drug delivery systems (nanoparticles, microparticles, dendrimers), supramolecular drug delivery systems (polymeric micelles), specialized drug delivery systems (nanosuspensions, nanoemulsions, microemulsions, dry powders), complex conjugate drug delivery systems (ISCOMs, cyclodextrin inclusion complexes), and other carrier-based drug delivery systems in order to improve patient outcomes. © 2014 Begell House, Inc.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)49-88
Number of pages40
JournalCritical Reviews in Therapeutic Drug Carrier Systems
Issue number1
StatePublished - Mar 10 2014
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Generated from Scopus record by KAUST IRTS on 2023-10-12

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmaceutical Science
  • Pharmacology


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