Cumulative impact assessment of hazardous ionic liquids towards aquatic species using risk assessment methods

Muhammad Ishaq Khan, Muhammad Mubashir, Dzulkarnain Zaini, Mater H. Mahnashi, Bandar A. Alyami, Ali O. Alqarni, Pau Loke Show

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Scopus citations


In the present research work, a comprehensive tool for cumulative ecotoxicological impact assessment of ionic liquids (ILs) to aquatic life has been constructed. Using the probabilistic tool, impact of individual ILs to a group of aquatic species is assessed by chemical toxicity distributions (CTDs). The impact of group of ILs to individual aquatic species is assessed by species sensitivity distributions (SSDs). Acute toxicity data of imidazolium ILs with chloride (Cl−), bromide (Br−), tetrafluoroborate (BF4−), and hexafluorophosphate (PF6−) anions are used in CTD and SSD. Allowable concentrations for a group of Imidazolium ILs with the same mode of action (SMOA) to five aquatic species; Daphnia magna, Vibrio fischeri, Algae, Zebrafish, and Escherichia coli are estimated by CTDs. It has been concluded that 1-Butyl-3-methylimidazolium chloride (BMIMCl) possess the lowest risk at an acceptable risk value of 750 × 10−5 mmol/L which is 12% less than that of OMIMCl. Furthermore, the sensitivities towards the aquatic species reveal that from the studied ILs, BMIMBF4 with an acceptable risk value of 3200 × 10−5 mmol/L is the most suitable IL towards the selected aquatic species. Hence, current work provides cumulative allowable concentrations and acceptable risk values for ILs which release to aquatic compartment of ecosystem.
Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of hazardous materials
StatePublished - Aug 5 2021
Externally publishedYes

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Generated from Scopus record by KAUST IRTS on 2023-09-20


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