Bimetallic nanoparticles (BNPs) have drawn significant attention due to their numerous applications. They demonstrate enhanced optical, electrical, thermal, and catalytic properties due to the synergistic effects of monometals present in them. In this work, CuAg and AuAg BNPs have been synthesized using a facile and economical chemical reduction method. Optical characterization was carried out using UV–visible spectroscopy, and effect of pH on optical absorbance was studied. For CuAg and AuAg BNPs, optimum pH was observed to be at 9.4 and 6.39, respectively. Morphological investigation confirms the average diameters of CuAg and AuAg BNPs were to be 65 nm and 30 nm, respectively. Photocatalytic property illustrates the reduction of 4-nitrophenol to 4-aminophenol with a 92% conversion percentage in the presence of CuAg BNPs in 4 min, and rate constant for the reaction was measured to be 8.98 × 10–3 s−1. But for the AuAg BNPs, the conversion percentage was 97% in 8 min and rate constant was found to be 7.95 × 10–3 s−1. Thermal conductivity and viscosity measurements of the nanofluids obtained with CuAg and AuAg BNPs have ascertained them to be efficient candidates for the heat transfer and catalytic applications. Graphic abstract: [Figure not available: see fulltext.]
Bibliographical noteKAUST Repository Item: Exported on 2021-06-21
Acknowledgements: The authors are grateful to Mangalore University DST-PURSE Laboratory for facilitating the FESEM and for the support provided by the Manipal Academy of Higher Education (MIT-2017, 2020), Karnataka. The authors are grateful to Ms. Indira R Hiremath and Dr. Srivathsava Surabhi for their contribution in the revision process. The author Koduri Ramam is greatly indebted to Universidad de Concepción (UdeC), Chile, for its huge support and facilities. The authors also acknowledge Fondecyt Regular Project No. 1140420, Programa Fondo Nacional de Desarrollo Científico y Tecnológico (FONDECYT) de la Agencia Nacional de Investigación y Desarrollo, Chile.