C2-Symmetric ansa-lanthanidocene complexes. Synthesis via silylamine elimination and β-SiH agostic rigidity

Jörg Eppinger, Michael Spiegler, Wolfgang Hieringer, Wolfgang A. Herrmann, Reiner Anwander*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

187 Scopus citations


The synthesis as well as the spectroscopic and structural characterization of a new class of C2-symmetric, mononuclear metallocene complexes of the lanthanide elements is described. Heteroleptic lanthanidocene silylamide complexes have been obtained ate-complex-free according to silylamine elimination reactions of complexes Ln[N(SiHMe2)2]3(THF)(x) (x = 1, Ln = Sc; x = 2, Ln = Y, La, Nd, Lu) and linked, substituted cyclopentadiene and indene systems. The molecular structure of [Me2Si(C5Me4)2]La[N(SiHMe2)2] (95% isolated yield) has been determined by X-ray crystallography. Brintzinger-type, indenyl-derived metallocene complexes have been isolated in racemic yields as high as 72%. IR and multinuclear NMR spectroscopy (1H, 13C, 29Si, 89Y) reveals the presence of an unprecedented strong diagnostic interaction between the electron-deficient metal centers and the SiH moiety of the bis(dimethylsilyl)amide ligand: SiH stretching vibrations as low as 1759 cm- 1 and 1J(Si,H) coupling constants as low as 133 Hz indicate a distinct weakening of the SiH bonding. X-ray structure analyses of the compounds rac- [Me2Si(2-Me-Benz-Ind)2]Ln[N(SiHMe2)2] (Ln = Y, Lu) and rac-[Me2Si(2-Me- C9H5)2]Ln[N(SiHMe2)2] (Ln = Y, Lu) show that the structural features of both the chelating ancillary ligands and such agostically fused metallacycles depend on the type of the ligand and the size of the metal: bite angles Ω of approximately 'U-shaped' ansa-ligands as large as 68.2(2)°and Ln-Si and Ln- H contacts as close as 3.028(1) and 2.37(3) Å, respectively, have been detected, the latter forcing very large Si-N-Si angles up to 160.1(2)°. The isolation of reaction intermediates such as Y[N(SiHMe2)2]3(THF) and partly exchanged [Me2Si(2-Me-4-Ph-Ind)2H]Y[N(SiHMe2)2]2 provides mechanistic details of this peculiar silylamine elimination reaction. Additionally, the pK(a) values of various protonated ligands including new 9-(SiHMe2)- fluorene, 3-(SiHMe2)-indene, and 3-(SiHMe2)-2-Me-indene determined according to the method of Fraser give evidence of a thermodynamically controlled ligand exchange.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3080-3096
Number of pages17
JournalJournal of the American Chemical Society
Issue number13
StatePublished - Apr 5 2000
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • General Chemistry
  • Biochemistry
  • Colloid and Surface Chemistry


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