Crystallization and characterization of a new magnesium sulfate hydrate MgSO4 11H2O

F. Elif Genceli*, Martin Lutz, Anthony L. Spek, Geert Jan Witkamp

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

37 Scopus citations


The MgSO4 crystal hydrate formed below approximately 0 °C was proven to be the undecahydrate, MgSO4; · 11H2O (meridianiite) instead of the reported dodecahydrate MgSO4 ·12H2O. The crystals were grown from solution by eutectic freeze and by cooling crystallization. The crystal structure analysis and the molecular arrangement of these crystals were determined using single crystal X-ray diffraction (XRD). Reflections were measured at a temperature of 110(2) K. The structure is triclinic with space group Pl̄ (No. 2). The crystal is a colorless block with the following parameters F.W. = 318.55, 0.54 × 0.24 × 0.18 mm3, a = 6.72548(7) Å, b = 6.77937(14) Å, c = 17.2898(5) Å, α = 88.255(1)°, β= 89.478(2)°, γ = 62.598(1)°, V = 699.54(3) Å3, Z = 2, Dcalc = 1.512 g/cm3, μ = 0.343 mm-1. Raman spectroscopy was used for characterizing MgSO4 · 11H2O and for comparing the vibrational spectra with the MgSO4 · 7H 2O salt. Between the two salts, there are significant differences mainly in the type of interactions of water with sulfate groups in the lattice, in view of the different O-H stretching vibrations, as well as sulfate, O - H - O (sulfate) and O - Mg - O bands vibrational modes. Thermogravimetric analysis confirmed the stochiometry of the MgSO4 · 11H2O salt. Additionally, the Miller indices of the major faces of MgSO4 · 11H2O crystals were defined.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2460-2466
Number of pages7
JournalCrystal Growth and Design
Issue number12
StatePublished - Dec 2007
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemistry
  • General Materials Science
  • Condensed Matter Physics


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