Crystallization analysis fractionation of poly(ethylene-co-styrene) produced by metallocene catalysts

Muhammad Shahzad Kamal, Bijal Kottukkal Bahuleyan, Omer Bin Sohail, Abdul-Hamid M. Emwas, John E. Bercaw, Mamdouh Ahmed Al-Harthi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations


Ethylene homo polymer and ethylene-styrene copolymers were synthesized using Cp2ZrCl2 (1)/methyl aluminoxane (MAO) and rac-silylene-bis (indenyl) zirconium dichloride (2)/MAO catalyst systems by varying styrene concentration and reaction conditions. Crystallization analysis fractionation (CRYSTAF), DSC, FTIR and 1H NMR spectroscopy were used for characterizing the synthesized polymers. Interestingly, styrene was able to increase the activity of 1/MAO and 2/MAO catalyst systems at low concentrations, but at higher concentrations the activity decreases. The 1/MAO system at low and high pressure was unable to incorporate styrene, and the final product was pure polyethylene. On the other hand, with 2/MAO polymerization of ethylene and styrene yielded copolymer containing both styrene and ethylene. Results obtained from CRYSTAF and DSC reveal that on using 1/MAO system at high pressure, the resulting polymer in the presence of styrene has similar crystallinity as the polymer produced without styrene. Using both 1/MAO at low pressure and 2/MAO leads to decrease in crystallinity with increase in styrene concentration, even though the former does not incorporate styrene. © 2013 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2645-2656
Number of pages12
JournalPolymer Bulletin
Issue number9
StatePublished - Jun 6 2013

Bibliographical note

KAUST Repository Item: Exported on 2020-10-01
Acknowledgements: Authors are thankful to Center of Research Excellence in Petroleum Refining and Petrochemicals, King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals and to King Abdulaziz City for Science and Technology (KACST) for project funds.

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Chemistry
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • General Chemistry
  • Condensed Matter Physics


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