Critical Assessment of Membrane Technology Integration in a Coal-Fired Power Plant

Maytham Alabid, Calin-Cristian Cormos, Cristian Dinca

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Despite the many technologies for CO2 capture (e.g., chemical or physical absorption or adsorption), researchers are looking to develop other technologies that can reduce CAPEX and OPEX costs as well as the energy requirements associated with their integration into thermal power plants. The aim of this paper was to analyze the technical and economic integration of spiral wound membranes in a coal-fired power plant with an installed capacity of 330 MW (the case of the Rovinari power plant—in Romania). The study modeled energy processes using CHEMCAD version 8.1 software and polymer membranes developed in the CO2 Hybrid research project. Thus, different configurations such as a single membrane step with and without the use of a vacuum pump and two membrane steps placed in series were analyzed. In all cases, a compressor placed before the membrane system was considered. The use of two serialized stages allows for both high efficiency (minimum 90%) and CO2 purity of a minimum of 95%. However, the overall plant efficiency decreased from 45.78 to 23.96% and the LCOE increased from 75.6 to 170 €/kWh. The energy consumption required to capture 1 kg of CO2 is 2.46 MJel and 4.52 MJth.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)904
JournalMembranes
Volume12
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 19 2022
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)

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