Coral restoration for coastal resilience: Integrating ecology, hydrodynamics, and engineering at multiple scales

T. Shay Viehman, Borja G. Reguero, Hunter S. Lenihan, Johanna H. Rosman, Curt D. Storlazzi, Elizabeth Goergen, Miguel F. Canals Silander, Sarah H. Groves, Daniel M. Holstein, Andrew W. Bruckner, Jane V. Carrick, Brian K. Haus, Julia B. Royster, Melissa S. Duvall, Walter I. Torres, James L. Hench

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

The loss of functional and accreting coral reefs reduces coastal protection and resilience for tropical coastlines. Coral restoration has potential for recovering healthy reefs that can mitigate risks from coastal hazards and increase sustainability. However, scaling up restoration to the large extent needed for coastal protection requires integrated application of principles from coastal engineering, hydrodynamics, and ecology across multiple spatial scales, as well as filling missing knowledge gaps across disciplines. This synthesis aims to identify how scientific understanding of multidisciplinary processes at interconnected scales can advance coral reef restoration. The work is placed within the context of a decision support framework to evaluate the design and effectiveness of coral restoration for coastal resilience. Successfully linking multidisciplinary science with restoration practice will ensure that future large-scale coral reef restorations maximize protection for at-risk coastal communities.
Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalEcosphere
Volume14
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 21 2023
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

KAUST Repository Item: Exported on 2023-05-24
Acknowledgements: This work was funded by the U.S. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's Coral Reef Conservation Program Project 31217. The views and conclusions contained in this document are those of the authors and should not be interpreted as representing the opinions or policies of NOAA or the U.S. EPA. This document has been peer reviewed and approved for publication consistent with USGS Fundamental Science Practices (https://pubs.usgs.gov/circ/1367). Any use of trade, firm, or product names is for descriptive purposes only and does not imply endorsement by the U.S. Government. The authors would like to thank Alejandra Ortiz, Greg Piniak, Carolyn Currin, Jenny Davis, Miles McGonigle, Phanor Montoya-Maya, and anonymous reviewers for helpful feedback.

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Ecology

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