Coordinatively unsaturated ruthenium complexes as efficient alkyneazide cycloaddition catalysts

Marina Lamberti, George C. Fortman, Albert Poater, Julie Broggi, Alexandra M. Z. Slawin, Luigi Cavallo, Steven P. Nolan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

70 Scopus citations


The performance of 16-electron ruthenium complexes with the general formula Cp*Ru(L)X (in which L = phosphine or N-heterocyclic carbene ligand; X = Cl or OCH2CF3) was explored in azidealkyne cycloaddition reactions that afford the 1,2,3- triazole products. The scope of the Cp*Ru(PiPr 3)Cl precatalyst was investigated for terminal alkynes leading to new 1,5-disubstituted 1,2,3-triazoles in high yields. Mechanistic studies were conducted and revealed a number of proposed intermediates. Cp*Ru- (PiPr3)(2-HCCPh)Cl was observed and characterized by 1H, 13C, and 31P NMR at temperatures between 273 and 213 K. A rare example of N,N-κ2-phosphazide complex, Cp*Ru(κ2- iPr3PN3Bn)Cl, was fully characterized, and a single-crystal X-ray diffraction structure was obtained. DFT calculations describe a complete map of the catalytic reactivity with phenylacetylene and/or benzylazide. © 2012 American Chemical Society.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)756-767
Number of pages12
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jan 10 2012

Bibliographical note

KAUST Repository Item: Exported on 2020-10-01
Acknowledgements: S.P.N. would like to thank the ERC (Advanced Researcher Award FUNCAT) for financial support. A.P. thanks the Spanish MICINN for a Ramon y Cajal contract (ref RYC-2009-05226) and the European Commission for a Career Integration Grant (CIG09-GA-2011-293900). L.C. and A.P. thank the HPC team of Enea ( for using the ENEA-GRID and the HPC facilities CRESCO ( in Portici, Italy. M.L. acknowledges Salerno Province and the University of Salerno for supporting her stay at the University of St Andrews (International Mobility Scholarship 2009). S.P.N. is a Royal Society Wolfson Research Merit Award holder.

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Organic Chemistry
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry


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