Convolutional sparse coding for noise attenuation in seismic data

Zhaolun Liu, Kai Lu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

We have developed convolutional sparse coding (CSC) to attenuate noise in seismic data. CSC gives a data-driven set of basis functions whose coefficients form a sparse distribution. The noise attenuation method by CSC can be divided into the training and denoising phases. Seismic data with a relatively high signal-to-noise ratio are chosen for training to get the learned basis functions. Then, we use all (or a subset) of the basis functions to attenuate the random or coherent noise in the seismic data. Numerical experiments on synthetic data show that CSC can learn a set of shifted invariant filters, which can reduce the redundancy of learned filters in the traditional sparse-coding denoising method. CSC achieves good denoising performance when training with the noisy data and better performance when training on a similar but noiseless data set. The numerical results from the field data test indicate that CSC can effectively suppress seismic noise in complex field data. By excluding filters with coherent noise features, our method can further attenuate coherent noise and separate ground roll.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)V23-V30
Number of pages1
JournalGEOPHYSICS
Volume86
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 4 2021

Bibliographical note

KAUST Repository Item: Exported on 2021-02-08
Acknowledgements: The research reported in this publication was supported by the King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST) in Thuwal, Saudi Arabia. We are grateful to the sponsors of the Center for Subsurface Imaging and Modeling Consortium for their financial support. For computer time, this research used the resources of the Supercomputing Laboratory at KAUST and the IT Research Computing Group. We thank them for providing the computational resources required for carrying out this work.

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